Press Room

National Contigency Plan

SECTION 1

Executive Summary

During Emergencies, infrastructures like Hospitals, Roads/Bridges, Airports, Dams/ Water Supply and Solid Waste Management are critical to timely, efficient response and aiding return to normalcy. However in worse case scenarios like the Haiti Earth quake even these infrastructures were destroyed.

 To resuscitate such infrastructures should an incident happen, the National Emergency Management Agency in line with its mandate of providing coordination and integration of activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the nation’s capability for disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery, set out to develop a contingency plan for infrastructural resuscitation.  For the plan to be implementable with needed commitment and ownership of relevant players, it has to be participatory, all inclusive and transparent.

 The Infrastructural Resuscitation Contingency Plan is structured into 7 Thematic Areas: Medical /Health Infrastructures, Communication, Airports Infrastructure, Roads and Bridges Infrastructure, Electricity Infrastructure, Water Infrastructure and solid /Liquid Management.

 Each theme consist of the  Strategic Objectives, List of relevant Stakeholders, Lines of Authority, Alerting System, Priorities, Resource need and Capacities and a detailed tasking of each stakeholders.

 

SECTION 2

MEDICAL / HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

GENERAL SITUATION AND SCENARIOS 

IINTRODUCTION

Every disaster management situation requires medical response. About 90% of victims of disaster/emergency are often in need of health care services. In Nigeria, there are two possible major scenarios associated with medical emergency. These are:

a)            Gross inadequacy of health care facilities to meet medical needs during emergency;

b)            Outright collapse of medical facilities/infrastructure

c)            Poor Health Management Information System

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios, particularly scenario ‘b’, include the following:

1)            Accidents (Road, Air and Sea)

2)         Fire

3)         Epidemic

4)         Flood

5)         Violent Conflicts

6)         Technology-induced disaster

7)         Volcanic Eruptions

8)         Earth Quake

 

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are three major strategic objectives of contingency planning for medical emergency in Nigeria. These are:

a)      To reduce morbidity and mortality (i.e. save lives, minimize death and ill health)

b)      To alleviate human suffering; and,

c)      To restore life to normalcy

III         STAKEHOLDERS

Some of the stakeholders that render medical emergency in Nigeria are as follows:


·         Health Ministries, Departments, and Agencies (MDAs) at Federal, State and Local Government levels

·         Federal Ministry of Interior

·         Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

·         National Orientation Agency

·         Military (Army, Navy and Air Force)

·         Nigeria Police Force

·         Federal Road Safety corps

·         Nigerian Immigration Service

·         Nigerian Customs Service

·         Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps

·         Nigerian Medical Association (NMA),

·         Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN)

·         Nigerian Natural Medicine Development Agency

·         National Association of Nigerian Nurses and Midwives (NANNAM)

·         National Primary Health Care Development Agency

·         National Bureau of Statistics

·         Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRSC)

·         Development partners e.g. UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO

·         NGO’s – International and local

·         Civil society groups (CBOs, Traditional and religious institutions, etc)

·         Medical and Health workers union of Nigeria

·         National Union of Road and Transport Workers (NURTW)

·         National Space Research and Development Agency


 

 B.         Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS)

 C.         INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR MEDICAL INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

 D.        Alerting System

 The National Contingency Plan for Medical/Health Infrastructure disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of a Medical Infrastructure disaster. Following the detection or reception of a report of such a catastrophic situation by a bystander or a competent authority, such body is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform Federal Ministry of Health / National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). The Ministry on the receipt of such an alert shall activate the National Medical Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

 E.         PRIORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

The following are some of the priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for medical emergency in Nigeria:

·         Development of emergency plan by all public and private health institutions in Nigeria.

·         Prepositioning of drugs and first aid materials in strategic locations.

·         Regular medical drills and simulation exercises by all stakeholders involved in medical emergency. The drills are to be coordinated by emergency management agency at the national and state levels in collaboration with relevant health authorities.

·         Establishment of functional emergency unit in all tertiary and specialist hospitals, Secondary and Primary Health care facilities across the country.

·         Periodic emergency refresher courses for medical personnel. 

·         Effective coordination of medical response during emergency situations.

·         Capacity development of Health personnel in public health in emergency (PHE).

·         Creation of database of Health personnel at all levels, and development of medical emergency alert system.

·         Conduct technological needs assessment, and receive technological advice on medical response from Ministry of Science and technology.

F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing medical emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – medical facilities; health personnel; funding; and logistics service.

1.  Medical facilities: 


·         hospitals,

·         field hospitals,

·         mobile clinics,

·         life support ambulances,

·         stretchers,

·         first aid kits,

·         Tele-medicine equipments, etc.

·         Health personnel:

·         medical doctors/ specialists,

·         nurses,

·         paramedics,

·         first aiders, etc


 

1.  Funding:

MDA’s at federal, state and local levels create emergency funds and develop guidelines for fast track access to funds during emergencies.

Emergency management agency at all levels provides cash or other incentives to private sector organizations to render medical services and provide health facilities during emergencies.

All MDAs at federal and state levels have functional disaster insurance policy.

Disaster management trust fund established at federal and state level in Nigeria.

1.  Logistics services:

Strategic drugs and medical supplies procured.

Development partners provide technical assistance to Nigerian medical stakeholders and mobilize resources for effective medical emergency.

Personal protective equipments (PPE) and health personnel safety measures provided.

Guidelines for standard operating procedures (SOP) developed.

Trained grassroots emergency volunteer corps established at the local government levels.

Effective deployment strategies of utility vehicles developed.

Assessment of available medical equipment conducted, and a database of medical equipments and MOU’s on public-private partnership among medical stakeholders developed.

Mechanism to fast track accessibility to search & rescue and health related equipments during emergency established.

 

G.         ORGANIZATIONAL ROLES AND ACTIVITIES

I STRATEGIC LEVEL

 LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL/STATE MINISTRY OF HEALTH

 COORDINATING AGENCY:  NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

 AGENCY/STATE EMERGENCYMANAGEMENT AGENCY (SEMA) PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:


·         Federal Ministry of Environment

·         Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

·         Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

·         Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

·         Nigeria Police Force

·         Federal Fire Service

·         Federal Road Safety ­Commission

·         Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps

·         Nigerian Red Cross Society

·         Health/Medical Services

·         Joint Media Committee

·         National Orientation Agency

·         Disaster Response Units (Army, Navy, Air Force).

 

These organizations/agencies are responsible for:

·         Planning,

·         Coordination

·         Information Management

·         Assessing of International Assistance, if necessary

 

Agreement

II          Tactical level: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES 

LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL/STATE MINISTRY OF HEALTH

COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMERGENCYAGENCY/ STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

 PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES

·         Armed Forces of Nigeria (Army, Navy and Air Force) – Logistics Support, Security, Debris clearing and assist in building temporary health facility

·         NPF – Security, Crowd Control, Debris clearance, Intelligence gathering, provide first aid and Conduct evacuation

·         NSCDC – Assist in putting up temporary hospital, Crowd Control, Security, Debris   clearance and Intelligence gathering, search and rescue services during emergency/ disaster response and Conduct evacuation

·         FRSC– Traffic Control, Provide medical assistance

·         NRCS – Survival Support, conduct sensitization of stakeholders at the community level and conduct dead body management  and Conduct evacuation

·         Health/Medical Services – Triage, Co-ordinate Evacuation of causalities to Temporary health facilities, Provision of medical services and Decontamination

·         Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

·         Federal Ministry of Science and Technology (Tele-Medicine services)

·         National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public

·         Private Organizations – Debris clearing and assist in building temporary health facility

·         Local NGOs – Assist in providing Survival Support, conduct sensitization of stakeholders at the community level  

·         Development partners – Render technical assistance for enhanced performance, Support capacity development and Mobilize Resources 

 

III.        OPERATIONAL LEVEL: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY – FEDERAL/STATE MINISTRY OF HEALTH

.  i.          Management of medical emergencies: Resource control, Triage and provide medicalservices

.  ii.         Conduct post disaster medical and health assessment

 

 COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY/ STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

1.  i.          Coordinate the activities of stakeholders

2.  ii.      Resource mobilization

3.  iii.     Logistic support

4.  iv.     Support Search and Rescue

 

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

·         Armed Forces (Army, Navy and Air Force) – Logistics Support, Security, Debris clearing and assist in building temporary health facility

·         NPF – Logistics support, Security, Crowd Control, Debris clearance, Intelligence gathering, maintain Law and order, provide first aid and Conduct evacuation

·         NSCDC – Logistic support, Debris clearing and assist in building temporary health facility, Security, cordoning off site.

·         FRSC – Traffic Control, conduct evacuation

·         NRCS – Psycho-social support to staff, volunteers, victims and families, Provides first aid in medical emergency, Conducts evacuation, Conducts sensitization of community stakeholders and Conducts dead body management during medical emergencies.

·         Health/ Medical Service Providers – Stabilization of Victims, Provision of medical services and Trauma counseling

·         Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international medical assistance into the country.

·         Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country

·         Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

·         National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public

·         Strategic Intervention Principles And Guidelines

·         Public health intelligence and surveillance for monitoring and planning

 

SECTION 3

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EMERGENCY

I           INTRODUCTION

Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Infrastructure is a critical tool in emergency situation. It is the exchange of information between people, these involves the exchange of first hand information, facts and knowledge by the use of telecommunication and ICT infrastructures or systems such as phones, computer networks, satellites etc.  ICT is vital for Early warning and Disaster Preparedness, Search and Rescue Operation, Mitigation, Relief and Rehabilitation process. Therefore, its availability enhances rapid process of resuscitation during the impact of disaster. To reduce the recovery period of the national communication infrastructure, it is necessary to have emergency communication platforms/systems which could be deployed rapidly for use by search, rescue and recovery response stakeholders.

In Nigeria, there are several possible major situations associated with Information and Communication Technology Infrastructure in emergency amongst which are:

a)      Telecommunication, Television and Radio Broadcast  System failure

b)      Outright collapse of Transmission Networks

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these situations includes the following:

Earthquake

Flood

Land slide

Vandalisation

War

Others

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are three major strategic objectives of contingency planning for Information and Communications Technology Infrastructure in emergency situation in Nigeria. These are:

a)      To save lives through the Provision of immediate ICT platform for Search and Rescue operations;

b)      To provide immediate temporary ICT platform for public and private business

c)      To restore to normalcy through ICT

d)      To provide a backup ICT infrastructure during emergency

III         STAKEHOLDERS


1.       Federal Ministry of Information and Communications

2.       Nigeria Communication Commission

3.       National Broadcasting Commission

4.       Broadcasting organization of Nigeria

5.       Private Telecommunication Operators

6.       National Emergency Management Agency

7.       Electronic Media

8.       Nigerian Communication Satellite

9.       Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development

10.   Federal  Ministry of Works

11.   Nigerian Police Force

12.   Nigeria Civil Defense Corps

13.   Nigeria Immigration Services

14.   Nigeria Customs Services

15.   Power Holding Company of Nigeria

16.   Nigerian Amateur Radio Society

17.   Private Construction Companies

18.   Nigerian Armed Forces(DRUs)

19.   Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

20.   National Bureau of Statistics


 

B.         Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.         INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE IN EMERGENCY

D.            THE ALERTING SYSTEM

The National Contingency Plan for communicating disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of the total failure of the national communication platforms following a national disaster. Following the detection or report of such a situation by a competent authority, such body is expected to alert the nearest response agency, and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform the Federal Ministry of Information and Communications / National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Communication Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

E.         OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES

The following are some of the operational activities that must be factored into contingency planning for Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Infrastructure in emergency in Nigeria:

Enforce the development of emergency policy and plan by every public and private Communications institution in Nigeria.

Pre-positioning of Emergency communications Equipment at strategic positions for quick deployment to disaster areas

Develop a national emergency call, response and coordination centre.

Develop emergency recovery plan and Standard Operating Procedures in accordance to organizational roles and responsibilities.

Regular Emergency Communication drills and simulation exercises by all stakeholders involved in emergency Communication. The drills are to be coordinated by emergency management agency at the national and state levels in collaboration with relevant stakeholders

Periodic emergency refresher courses for Communications personnel. 

Effective coordination of Communications response by Emergency Management agency at all levels   during emergency situations.

Capacity development of communication personnel in emergency communication.

Creation of database of Amateur radio and other HF/VHF operators at the national, state and Local Government levels.

Develop a national emergency alert system by all ICT stakeholders.

Conduct technological needs assessment, and receive technological advice on New Telecommunication Technologies from Federal Ministry of Science and Technology/ITU.

F.         RESOURCES, CAPABILITIES AND CAPACITIES IN ICT

Resources, Capabilities and capacities required for managing Communication emergencies are classified into four categories – Communication facilities; Communication personnel; funding; and logistics service.

1.  Communication facilities: 

High Frequency Radios and auxiliaries

Very/Ultra High Frequency Radio and auxiliaries

Mobile Satellite System (BGAN, Thuraya, Iridium, etc.,)

Emergency Communication Van

Communication Operation Centre

Coordination Centre

1.  Communication personnel:

Electronics Engineers,

Communication Engineers,

Technicians,

Radio  operators,

Network Administrators

Software engineers etc

1.  Funding:

MDA’s at federal, state and local levels create emergency funds and develop guidelines for fast track access to funds during emergencies.

Emergency management agency at all levels provides cash or other incentives to private sector organizations to render Communication services during emergencies.

Disaster management trust fund established at federal and state level in Nigeria.

1.  Logistics services:

Deployment Strategic communication equipment.

Development partners provide technical assistance to emergency communication stakeholders and mobilize resources for effective emergency Communication.

Private Telecom Operators (PTOs) to develop emergency recovery plan

Personal protective equipments (PPE) to be provided.

Standard operating procedures (SOP) to be developed.

Effective deployment strategies of utility vehicles developed.

Needs Assessment of available Emergency Communication equipment conducted, and a database of Emergency Communication equipment, location and MOU’s on public-private partnership among communication stakeholders developed.

Develop Mechanism to fast track accessibility to Emergency Communication equipments deployment.

 

 

 

G.         ORGANIZATIONAL ROLES AND ACTIVITIES

I           STRATEGIC LEVEL

LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION

I.            Information and Communication Management

II.            Resource Mobilization

III.            Frequency management

COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMEGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

I.            Incident Coordination

II.            Resource Mobilization

 

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:


Nigerian Communication Commission

National Broadcasting Commission

Broadcasting Organization of Nigeria

Frequency Management Council

Power Holding Company of Nigeria

Nigeria Police Force

Federal Road Safety Corps

Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

National Security and Civil Defence Corps

Nigeria Customs Service

Nigeria Immigration Service

Nigeria Amateur Radio Society

Nigeria Armed Forces (DRUs)

Development partner (ITU)


They will be responsible for:

·         Planning

·         Coordination

·         Information Management and

·         Assessing of International Assistance

 

 

 

 

II OPERATIONAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY:   NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE

Incident management

Prepare communication plan

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMEGENCT MANAGEMENT AGENCY

Coordinate activities of stakeholders

Provide personnel to manage the operation and coordination centre

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

Disaster Response Units (Army, Navy and Air Force): Incident management and Logistic support

Federal  Ministry of Works – Erection of Mast and temporary shelters

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Monitor the use of Emergency response frequency and to Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

Frequency management council – Identify and Provide Suitable emergency response frequency to the coordinating agency

Nigeria Civil Defense Corps – Provide security and assist in the Erection of Masts

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international Emergency Communication assistance into the country

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country

Nigeria Amateur Radio Society – Assist in disseminating emergency messages, provide radio operators

Development partner (ITU) – Provide assistance in Emergency communication equipment and capacity building.

III         TACTICAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY: NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE

Develop Communication Net

Logistic Support

 Deploy and manage technical resources

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMEGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

Resource mobilization

Provide Emergency Communication Platform for search and rescue operation

Develop a national emergency operation centre

Develop a national emergency coordination centre

Focal agency for Multi Agency Coordination

Maintain a data base for emergency communication service provider including type of equipment and list of trained personnel 

Participating Agencies:

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Monitor the use of Emergency response frequency and to Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

Frequency management council – Identify and Provide Suitable emergency response frequency to the coordinating agency

Power Holding Company of Nigeria – Responsible for the provision of emergency power supplies such as Portable Generators, Solar panels and Inverters.

Federal Ministry of works – Erection of Masts and Equipment temporary shelters 

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international Emergency Communication assistance into the country.

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country

DRUs (Army, Air force and Navy) – Incident management and Logistic support.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION 4

AIRPORT INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

 I           INTRODUCTION

Airports are gateways into the Country or State from the air through which importation and exportation of goods and services are achieved. The Nigerian state is divided into six geo-political regions, while the Nigeria Aviation sector is partitioned into four regional structures – North Central with headquarters in Abuja; Northern region with headquarters in Kano; South East with headquarters in Port Harcourt and South West with headquarters in Lagos.

In Nigeria, there are two possible major scenarios associated with airport emergency.

These are:

Air disaster or plane crashes, or Airport closure

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios, particularly scenario ‘b’ include the following:


Militant activities,

Earthquake,

Riots,

Ocean surge (Flood),

Explosions,

Bomb threats,

Hijack/Terrorism,

Wars ,

Aircraft accidents

Bad Weather


Disruption of Navigational and landing Aids

 

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are five strategic objectives of contingency planning for airport emergency in Nigeria. These are:

1.       To save life

2.       To protect citizens/properties

3.       To supports search and rescue (SAR) operations

4.       To support epidemic evacuation plans

5.       To support Importation of Relief materials and Supplies

 

 

 III         STAKEHOLDERS

Some of the stakeholders that render service during Airport emergency in Nigeria are as follows:


Federal Ministry of Aviation

Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority

Nigerian Air Space Management Agency

National Emergency Management Agency

Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria(Engineering /fire services)

Nigerian Meteorological Agency

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

Nigeria Police Force

Federal Road Safety Corps

Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps

Nigeria Immigration Service

Nigeria Customs Service

Accident Investigation Bureau

Nigerian Red Cross Society

Private Construction Companies

NGO’s – International and local

Development partners and Donor Agencies


 

B.         Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.         INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR AIRPORT INFRASTURE EMERGENCY

 

D.         Alerting System

The National Contingency Plan for Airport Infrastructure disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of an Airport Infrastructure disaster. Following the detection or reception of a report of such a catastrophic situation by a bystander or a competent authority, such body is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform Federal Ministry of Aviation / Nigeria Airspace Management Agency (NAMA), Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) and Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Airport Infrastructure Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

E.         PRIORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

The following are some priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for airport emergency in Nigeria:

1.       Existence of alternate airport

2.       Upgraded facilities to meet international standards

3.       Efficient airport fire service

4.       Competent medical service

5.       Effective and efficient facilitation processes – Customs, Immigration, NDLEA, etc.

6.       Adequate security

7.       Functional communication systems

8.       Existence of alternative sources of power supply

9.       Efficient and effective rescue system

10.   Sensitization of locals around Nigerian airports on what to do during airport emergency

11.   Regular training and capacity development in airport rescue operations

12.   Regular simulation exercises with aviation stakeholders

13.   Identification of helipads/landing areas – Open spaces such as parks, Football fields etc.

14.   Efficient Aeronautical meteorological services

F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing airport emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – airport facilities; airport personnel; funding; and logistics service.

Airport


facilities:

Air traffic control system

Airport (Engineering/Fire service)

Airport clinics

Communication systems

Alternate power source

Search and rescue system/service

Meteorological Services

Airport personnel:

FAAN

AFIRS

NCAA

NAMA

Port Health

NPF, NCS, NIS, NDLEA, NQS and NSCDC Base units

NAF

NIMET

Funding:

FMOA

FMOF

NEMA

Development Partners/Donor Agencies

Logistics support

Federal Ministry of Works

Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

Nigerian Police Force

Partnership agreements and MOUs signed with relevant multinational construction companies

Non-Governmental


Organizations, CBOs etc.

 

G.         Organizational Roles and Activities

I.          STRATEGIC LEVEL

Lead Agency:  MINISTRY OF AVIATION

Coordinating Agency:  FAAN

Participating Agencies

Federal of Ministry of Interior

Federal Ministry of Environment

Federal Ministry of Works

Nigerian Airspace Management Agency

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority

National Emergency Management Agency

Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

Nigeria Police Force

Nigeria Air Force

Federal Fire Service

Federal Road Safety ­Corps

Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps

Nigerian Red Cross Society

Joint Media Committee

Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET)

They will be responsible for:

·         Planning,

·         Coordination

·         Information Management

·         Assessing of International Assistance, if necessary

·         Agreement.

II          Tactical level:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL MINISTRY OF AVIATION

COORDINATING AGENCY:     Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

Nigerian Airspace Management Agency

FMOW – Debris clearing, Construction of Temporary shelter and Road reconstruction

FMH&UD –  Debris clearing, Construction of Temporary shelter and conduct dead body management 

Nigerian Police Force – Security, Crowd Control, Debris clearing, Intelligence gathering

Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps – Security, Debris clearing and Intelligence gathering, and Conduct evacuation

Federal Road Safety Corps – Traffic Control

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick entry of international assistance into the country and provide security

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country and provide security

NRSC and other NGOs – Survival Support and conduct dead body management 

Disaster Response Units (Army, Navy and Air Force) – Debris clearing and assist in building temporary access road/runway

Private Construction Companies – Debris Clearing and General reconstruction

Development partners – Render technical assistance for enhanced performance, Support capacity development and Mobilize Resources

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication –Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

III.        OPERATIONAL: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY – FEDERAL AVIATION AUTHORITY OF NIGERIA

1.  Incident management

2.  Conduct post disaster assessment

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

1.   Coordinate activities of stakeholders

2.   Resource mobilization

3.  Support Search and Rescue

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

NAMA – Coordinate air navigation services including Search and Rescue

FMH&UD – Debris clearing, Temporary shelter and Road Reconstruction

FAAN –  Fire Fighting and Security and Airport Operations

NEMA       – Resource mobilization and Support in Search and Rescue

NPF – Security, cordoning of site, Intelligence gathering, Law and order

NSCDC – Debris clearing and assist in building temporary Equipment Shelter, Security, cordoning of site and intelligence gathering

 NCS – Security, and to ensure quick passage of response equipment

 NIS  – Security and to ensure easy passage of International responders

NRCS – Psycho-social support to staff and volunteers

DRUs         – Debris clearing and assist in building temporary access road/runway

Private Construction Companies – Debris Clearing and Logistic support

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public

 

SECTION 5

ROADS AND BRIDGES INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

I           INTRODUCTION

 Nigeria is criss-crossed by Trunk A, B and C Federal, State and Local Government roads and bridges. These roads and bridges are used as medium for the inland movement of goods and services. Failure of these roads and/or bridges will lead to gross economic destabilization, Accidents and loss of lives.

In Nigeria, there are three possible major scenarios associated with road transport emergency. These are:

o   Collapsed bridges, or

o   Washed away roads

o   Road subsidence

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios, particularly include the following:

o   Erosion,

o   Flood,

o   Land slide

o   Militant activities,

o   Wars ,

o   Earthquake,

 

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are five strategic objectives of contingency planning for road transport emergency in Nigeria. These are:

o   To save life

o   To protect citizens properties

o   To supports search and rescue (SAR) operations

o   To support epidemic evacuation plans

o   To support relief materials and essential supplies

 III         STAKEHOLDERS

Some of the stakeholders that render service during Road & Bridges emergency in Nigeria are as follows:

1.  Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

2.  Federal Ministry of Transport

3.  Federal Ministry of Interior

4.  National Emergency Management Agency

5.  Federal Ministry of Health

6.  Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development

7.  Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET)

8.  Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

9.  National Orientation Agency

10.  Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

11.  Nigeria Police Force

12.  Federal Road Safety Corps

13.  Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps

14.  Federal Roads Maintenance Agency

15.  Federal Fire Service

16.  Nigerian Red Cross Society

17.  National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW)

18.  National Association of Road Transport Owners

19.  Private Construction Companies

20.  NGO’s – International and local

21.  Development Partners and Donor Agencies

B.         Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.         INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR ROAD & BRIDGES INFRASTRCTURE EMERGENCY

 

 

 

 D      Alerting System

The National Contingency Plan for Roads and Bridges Infrastructure disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of a Road transport disaster. Following the detection or reception of a report of such a catastrophic situation by a bystander or a competent authority, such body is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform Federal Ministry of works and housing / Federal roads Maintenance Agency (FEMA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Roads and Bridges Infrastructure Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

 E.         PRIORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

The following are some priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for Road transport emergency in Nigeria:

Existence of alternative roads

Ensure that roads & bridges are constructed to meet minimum international standards

Efficient & regular road maintenance service

Competent medical service

Adequate security

Functional communication systems

Existence of alternative sources of power supply

Efficient and effective water rescue system

Sensitization of communities around disaster prone areas on response and coping mechanism in an event of a disaster.

Effective & efficient traffic management scheme

 F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing roads and bridges’ emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – Road and Bridge facilities, roads & bridges maintenance personnel; funding; and logistics support.


o   Road and Bridge facilities:

o   Bulldozers

o   Excavators

o   Pay loaders

o   Tippers

o   Concrete Mixers

o   Steel Beams

o   Concrete slabs

o   Nuts and bolts

o   Communication systems

o   Alternate power source

o   Roads and Bridges personnel:

o   Federal Roads Maintenance Agency

o   Federal Ministry of Works

o   Federal Ministry of Lands and Housing


 

Funding:


FMOW

FOL&H

FMOF

NEMA

Development Partners/Donor Agencies

Logistics support

Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

Nigerian Armed Forces (DRU)

NPF


Partnership agreements and MOUs signed with relevant multinational construction companies

 NGOs, CBOs etc.

G.         Organizational Roles and Activities

I.          STRATEGIC LEVEL

Lead Agency:  FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WORKS,

Coordinating Agency:  NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

Participating Agencies


o   Federal of Ministry of Interior

o   Ministry of Lands and Housing

o   Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

o   Federal Ministry of Environment

o   Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

o   Nigeria Police Force

o   Federal Fire Service

o   Federal Road Safety ­Corps

o   Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps

o   Nigerian Red Cross Society

o   Joint Media Committee

o   NGOs


They will be responsible for:

o   Planning,

o   Coordination

o   Information Management

o   Sourcing for International Assistance, if necessary

o   Agreement.

o   Management of Resources and reporting.

Tactical level:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WORKS

 1.  Incident Management

2.  Resource Mobilization

3.  Funding

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

1.     Coordination

2.     Resource Mobilization

3.     Funding

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

FERMA –  Debris clearing and Road reconstruction

FMOL&H – Debris clearing, Construction of Temporary shelter and evacuation of victims. 

NPF – Security, Crowd Control, Debris clearing, Intelligence gathering

NSCDC – Security,  Debris clearing and Intelligence gathering, and evacuation of Victims

FRSC – Traffic Control

NCS – To  help facilitate quick entry of international assistance into the country

NIS – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country

NRCS – Survival  Support, evacuation of Victims and conduct dead body management 

Private Construction Companies – Debris clearing and assist in constructing temporary access road and bridges

Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs) – Debris  clearing and assist in constructing temporary access road and bridges and Provision of First Aid

Development partners – Provide technical assistance for enhanced performance, Support capacity development and Resources Mobilization, provision of relief materials and vaccines.

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication –Regulation of  information Dissemination about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public

III.        OPERATIONAL: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY – FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WORKS

1.  Incident management

2.  Resource Disbursement

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

1.   Coordinate activities of stakeholders

2.  Resource mobilization

3.  Support Search and Rescue

 PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES:

Federal Roads Maintenance Agency – Coordinate construction activities and provide logistic support

Fire service – Search and Rescue, Fire Fighting and Security

Nigeria Police Force – Security, cordoning of site, Intelligence gathering, Law and order

Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps – Debris clearing and assist in building temporary Equipment Shelter, Security, cordoning of site and intelligence gathering

Nigeria Red Cross Society – Psycho-social support to staff and volunteers

DRUs (Army, Navy and Air Force) – Debris clearing and assist in constructing temporary access road and bridges

Private Construction Companies – Debris Clearing and logistic support Construction of temporary road and bridges

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public

 Nigeria Customs Services – To  help facilitate quick entry of international assistance into the country

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign rescue personnel into the country

 

 

 

SECTION 6

ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

 I           INTRODUCTION

Electricity is a general term that encompasses a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. These include phenomena such as lighting and static electricity.

II          ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE STATISTICS

Electricity is the prime driver of the economy of every nation and Nigeria not an exception. Nigeria with a population of over 140million requires a minimum of about 20000 Megawatt power per day at the consumption rate of 0.15KWatt power daily per person for sustainability which includes: lightening; water generation and supplies; industrial production and health care. Nigeria has several electricity generating plans; these includes hydro, coal, gas and thermal with a total maximum generating capacity of 10000Mwatt. Failure of any one of this will lead to drop in the overall total national supply which is already grossly underserved. In order to generate the balance of power needed for daily use Nigerians have portable Generating plants ranging from 1KVA – to – 1000KVA depending on the environment and needs. These private Generating plants use mainly AGO (gasoline) and PMS (Petrol) and these products are locally refined or imported to make up for the shortfall. 

In Nigeria, there are five possible major scenarios associated with electricity emergency.

These are:

o   Dam Failure

o   Destruction of Gas Pipelines

o   Destruction of Generating Stations

o   Destruction of Sub Stations

o   Destruction of Transmission Lines

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios include the following:

o   Militant activities,

o   Earthquake,

o   Crisis

o   Vandalization

o   Outright stealing of electricity equipment

o   Bush burning

o   Land slide,

o   Low dam head,

o   Ocean surge (Flood),

o   Explosions, 

o   Wars

II          STRAREGIC OBJECTIVES

There are four strategic objectives of contingency planning for Electricity emergency in Nigeria. These are:

1.  To save life/ To restore electricity in emergency situations

2.  To protect citizens properties/ To restore power to homes and offices

3.  To supports search and rescue (SAR) operations/ To restore power to government essential services

4.  To support epidemic evacuation plans / To power incinerators for proper disposal of wastes arising from emergency incidences

 III         STAKEHOLDERS

Some of the stakeholders that render service during Electricity emergency in Nigeria are as follows:

o   Federal Ministry of Power

o   Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

o   Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development

o   Nigeria energy Regulatory Commission

o   National Emergency Management Agency

o   Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

o   Power Holding Company of Nigeria

o   DRUs (Army, Air force and Navy)

o   Nigeria Police Force

o   Federal Road Safety Corps

o   Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

o   Federal Fire Service

o   Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps

o   Nigerian Red Cross Society

o   Private Construction companies

o   NGO’s – International and local

 B.         LINES OF AUTHORITY

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.         INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  D.         The Alerting system

The National Contingency Plan for Electric disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of an Electric Infrastructure disaster. Following the detection or report of such a situation by a bystander or other competent authority, such body is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform the Ministry of Power / National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Electricity Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

E.         Operational Activities

The following are some priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for Electricity emergency in Nigeria:

Existence of alternate power generating plants

Upgraded facilities to meet best practices

Efficient fire service

Competent medical service to handle electrocution

Effective and efficient facilitation processes at the airport by: FAAN, Customs, Immigration, etc.

Adequate security at temporary generating stations

Functional communication systems

Efficient and effective rescue system

Regular training and capacity development in Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

Regular simulation exercises with stakeholders

F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing Electricity emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – Power generation facilities; Electrical Engineers/Technicians; funding; and logistics service.

a)      Power Generating facilities:

Upgraded facilities

Power Generators, High Voltage Transformers of various capacities, Towers and masts

Fire Tenders at all Generating stations

Communication systems

b)     Electrical  personnel:

Generation

Transmission

Distribution

Fire service

c)      Funding:

FMOP

FMOF

NEMA

Development Partners/Donor Agencies

d)     Logistics support

Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

Power Holding Company of Nigeria

DRU (Army, Navy Air Force)

NPF

Partnership agreements and MOUs signed with relevant multinational construction companies

 NGOs, CBOs etc.

G. ORGANIZATIONAL ROLES AND ACTIVITIES

I           STRATEGIC LEVEL

Lead Agency:  Federal Ministry of Power

Coordinating Agency – NATIONAL EMEGENCT MANAGEMENT AGENCY

Participating Agencies:


o   Federal Ministry of Works and Housing

o   Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development

o   Power Holding Company of Nigeria

o   Nigeria Energy Regulatory Commission

o   Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

o   The Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs)

o   Nigeria Police Force

o   Federal Road Safety Corps

o   Federal Fire Service

o   Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps

o   Energy Commission of Nigeria

o   Projects Development Agency

o   Nigerian Red Cross Society


 

They will be responsible for:

1.       Planning

2.       Coordination

3.       Information Management and

4.       Assessing of International Assistance

 

II          TACTICAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Lead Agency: Ministry of Power

Power Holding Company of Nigeria –  Resource mobilization, Responsible for Disconnection and re-installation of electrical lines, Mitigation, Search and rescue, stabilization and safety of electricity in the Nigeria, Acquisition of temporary alternative power generating source such as Solar panels, wind mills and Inverters.

National Emergency Management Agency –  Coordinating and support in search and rescue

Federal Ministry of works – Provides such services as provision of equipment for electric evacuation and rescue.

Federal ministry of Health –  For effective Health/Medical systems

Nigeria Police Force – To provide security to lives and properties in the scene of disaster

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international search and rescue equipment into the country.

Federal Ministry of Information – provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general population

 National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and Distribution of IEC material and Public sensitization. 

III      OPERATIONAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY:  POWER HOLDING COMPANY OF NIGERIA

1.       Management of Electricity emergencies

2.       Conduct post disaster assessment

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

1.          Coordinate activities of stakeholders

2.          Resource mobilization

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES

PHCN – Mitigating, stabilization, disconnection and evacuation of victims

NEMA – Coordination  mitigation and search and rescue operation

Federal Ministry of Health – Ensuring  an adequate medical system

Nigeria Police Force – Evacuation and rescue operation.

Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps – crowd control

Federal Roads Safety Corps – Traffic Control  

Federal  Ministry of Works – Logistic support

Nigeria Power Regulatory Commission

Nigerian Police Force

Private Construction Companies

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC and sensitize the public.

 

SECTION 7

DAM AND UTILITY WATER INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

I           INTRODUCTION

Water is an important support system and essential for all living things. The failure of water distributing system may lead to a disaster of large proportion and ability to repair damage water distribution facility could minimize the possibility of disaster occurring. In Nigeria, there are two possible major scenarios associated with water emergency. These are:

o   Dam failure; or an

o   Outright collapse of utility water supply facilities/infrastructure

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios, particularly scenario ‘b’, include the following:

o   Tectonic Activities (Earthquakes, Tremors, volcanic eruptions)

o   Land slide

o   Flood

o   Water poisoning

o   Technology-induced disaster

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are three major strategic objectives of contingency planning for Dam and Utility water emergency in Nigeria. These are:

a)      To save lives;

b)      To alleviate human suffering; and,

c)      To restore life to normalcy

III         STAKEHOLDERS

o   Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources

o   National Emergency Management Agency

o   Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development

o   Federal Ministry of Power

o   Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

o   Federal  Ministry of Works

o   Federal Ministry of Health

o   Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

o   National Orientation Agency

o   Nigerian Police Force

o   Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps

o   Nigeria Immigration Services

o   Power Holding Company of Nigeria

o   Private Construction Companies

o   State Ministry of Water Resources

o   State Ministry of Agriculture

o   Federal/State fire Services

o   National Population Commission

o   Nigeria Customs Services

o   Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.     INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR DAM/UTILITY WATER INFRASTRUCTURE EMERGENCY

 

D.         The Alerting system

The National Contingency Plan for Dam and Utility Water Infrastructure disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of DAM and Utility Water Infrastructure disaster. The detection or report of Dam and Utility Water Infrastructure disaster by a bystander or other competent authority, the medium is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources / National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Dam and Utility Water Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

E.         PRIORITY ACTIVITIES

The following are some of the priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for Dam and Utility water infrastructure emergency in Nigeria:

o   Development of emergency recovery plan by all public water supply institutions in Nigeria.

o   Prepositioning of pipes and other materials required for rehabilitation throughout the country

o   Regular drills and simulation exercises by all stakeholders involved in water supply.

o   Establishment of functional emergency unit in all dam locations across the country

o   Periodic emergency refresher courses for dam and water engineers/managers 

o   Effective coordination of water supply response during emergency situations

o   Capacity development for water resource personnel in dam management

o   Creation of database of dam/operators at all levels, and development of alert system

o   Conduct technological needs assessment, and receive technological advice on current trends from Federal Ministry of Science and Technology and other relevant bodies.

o   Routine maintenance of Dams

 

F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing dam/utility water emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – dam/water supply facilities; water supply personnel; funding; and logistics service.

a)         Dam/water supply facilities: 

Prefabricated concrete water channels ,

o   Mobile bore hole rigs,

o   Water tankers,

o   Mobile water treatment plants for brackish and clean water,

o   Sand bags,

o   Water treatment chemical (chlorine, alums, etc.),

o   life support ambulances,

o   stretchers,

o   first aid kits,

b)         Dam/Water personnel:

o   Engineers,

o   Doctors,

o   nurses,

o   paramedics,

o   first aiders, etc

c)         Funding:

MDA’s at federal, state and local levels create emergency funds and develop guidelines for fast track access to funds during Dam/water supply emergencies.

Emergency management agency at all levels provides cash or other incentives to private sector organizations to render emergency services and provide health facilities during water emergencies.

All MDAs at federal and state levels must have appropriate functional water disaster insurance policy.

Disaster management trust fund be established at federal and state level in Nigeria.

d)     Logistics support:

o   Mobile Water treatment Plant be procured

o   Water tankers be procured

o   Strategic drugs and medical supplies procured

o   Development partners provide technical assistance to Nigerian water supply management stakeholders and mobilize resources for effective water emergency

o   Personal protective equipments (PPE) and health personnel safety measures provided

o   Guidelines for standard operating procedures (SOP) developed.

o   Trained grassroots emergency volunteer corps established at the local government levels

o   Effective deployment strategies of utility vehicles developed

o   Assessment of available water mitigation equipment conducted, and a database of such equipment and MOU’s on public-private partnership among water supply stakeholders developed

o   Mechanism to fast track accessibility to Search and Rescue and health related equipment during water emergency be established.

D.         ORGANIZATIONAL ROLES AND ACTIVITIES:

 I.          STRATEGIC LEVEL

LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL/STATE MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND WATER RESOURCES

COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (NEMA) /  STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY(SEMA)

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:

o   Federal Ministry of power.

o   Federal Ministry of Environment

o   Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

o   Nigerian Inland Water Ways Authority

o   Nigerian Meteorological Agency

o   Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps

o   Nigeria Police Force

o   Nigeria Customs Services

o   Nigeria Immigration Services

o   Federal Ministry of Health

o   They will be responsible for:

o   Planning

o   Coordination

o   Information Management and

o   Assessing of International Assistance

 

 

 

II          TACTICAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY: FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES

 COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT   AGENCY/STATE  EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT  AGENCY SEMA

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:

Power Holding Company Nigeria – supply emergency power to pump stations

Federal Ministry of Environment – Debris clearing, opening of new channels to drain water and evacuation of victims and management of dead bodies

Federal Ministry of Health

Nigerian Inland Water Ways Authority – Clearing of block drainages, opening of new channels to drain water and support in Search and Rescue operation

Nigerian Meteorological Agency – Provide relevant data on  weather

Nigeria Police Force – To provide Cordon, ensure security of lives and properties in the affected environment

Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps – Crowd control, search and rescue, casualty and evacuation of victims. 

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international Emergency equipment into the country

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign Medical, Search and Rescue personnel into the country

Federal Ministry of Health – Provision of Medical facilities and stabilization of affected persons

Federal Ministry of works – Provision of Heavy duty earth moving equipment and services, flood diversion, debris clearing

Federal Ministry of Information – provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general population

 National Orientation Agency – Production and distribution of IEC materials and Public sensitization

State Ministry Of Water Resources –  Replicate the activities of the of its Federal counterpart at the state level

State Ministry of Environment –  Replicate the activities of the of its Federal counterpart at the state level

Private Construction Companies – to provide logistic support and to assist in clearing of debris

Nigeria Prisons: To take care of the inmates

III         OPERATIONAL LEVEL:  ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY:           FEDERAL MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND WATER   RESOURCE  

1.       Incident management

2.       Resource mobilization

COORDINATING AGENCY: NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY/STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY SEMA

Coordination

1.       Resource Mobilization

2.       Search and Rescue

PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:

Power Holding Company Nigeria – supply emergency power to pump stations

Federal Ministry of Environment – Debris clearing, opening of new channels to drain water and dead body evacuation and management

Nigerian Inland Water Ways Authority – Clearing of block drainages, opening of new channels to drain water and support in Search and Rescue operation

Nigerian Meteorological Agency – Provide relevant data on  weather

Nigeria Police Force – To provide Cordon, ensure security of lives and properties in the affected environment

Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps – Crowd control, flood diversion (search and rescue), casualty and dead body evacuation.

Nigeria Customs Services – To help facilitate quick movement of international Emergency equipment into the country

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign Medical, Search and Rescue personnel into the country

Federal Ministry of Health – Provision of  Medical facilities, stabilization of affected persons

Federal Ministry of works – To provide Heavy duty earth moving equipment and services and debris clearing

Federal Ministry of Information – provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the populace

 National Orientation Agency – Development, Production and distribution of IEC materials and Public sensitization

State Ministry Of Water Resources –  Replicate the activities of its Federal counterpart at the state level

State Ministry of Environment –  Replicate the activities of its Federal counterpart at the state level

Private Construction Companies – to provide logistic support and to assist in clearing of debris.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION 8

LIQUID/SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURAL EMERGENCY

I           INTRODUCTION

Liquid/Solid Waste could lead to epidemic and other environmental hazards if not properly managed. The failure of Liquid/Solid Waste management system will cause a disaster of large proportion and the ability to repair the damaged system and maintain the evacuation facility on time will reduce the disaster. In Nigeria, there are two possible major scenarios associated with water emergency. These are:

a)      Blocked /Burst pipes; or and

b)      Outright collapse of solid/liquid waste management facilities/infrastructure

Some of the trigger events that can lead to these scenarios include the following:

·         Tectonic activities (Earthquakes, Volcanoes, tremors etc.) 

·         Land slide

·         Flood

·         War

·         Vandalization

II          STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

There are three major strategic objectives of contingency planning for Liquid/Solid Waste emergency in Nigeria. These are:

·         to prevent outbreak of diseases and epidemic

·         to maintain environmental sustainability

·         To restore normalcy

III         STAKEHOLDERS

FEDERAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT


·         Federal  Ministry of Water Resources

·         Federal Ministry of Power

·         National Emergency Management Agency

·         Federal  Ministry of Works

·         Federal Ministry of Health

·         Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

·         National Orientation Agency

·         Nigerian Police Force

·         Nigeria Civil Defense Corps

·         Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

·         Power Holding Company of Nigeria

·         Private Construction Companies

·         Other waste management organs

·         National Population commission

·         Nigerian Armed Forces (DRUs) 


B.         Lines of Authority

Each agency is expected to coordinate its activities at the operational level in line with their standard operating procedure (SOP) subject to the incident command and control structure (ICS) of the lead Agency as stipulated by the Nigerian National Incident Management System (NNIMS):

C.     INCIDENT COMMAND STRUCTURE FOR LIQUID / SOLID WASTE INFRASTURE EMERGENCY

The Alerting system

The National Contingency Plan for Liquid / Solid Waste Infrastructure disaster is the instrument activated upon the detection of Liquid / Solid Waste Infrastructure disaster. The detection of Liquid/Solid waste Infrastructure disaster by a bystander or other competent authority, the medium is expected to alert the nearest response agency and once alerted, it would be its responsibility to inform the Federal Ministry of Environment and Urban Development / National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). On the receipt of such an alert by the Ministry, it shall activate the National Liquid / Solid Waste emergency Contingency Plan in line with the principle of dealing with emergencies in Nigeria – which requires mass mobilization of all available human and materials resources.

E.         PRIORITY ACTIVITIES

The following are some of the priority activities that must be factored into contingency planning for Liquid / Solid Waste Infrastructure emergency in Nigeria:

·         Development of emergency recovery plan by all public Liquid / Solid Waste management institutions in Nigeria.

·         Prepositioning of sewage treatment equipment and other materials required for waste management/treatment  throughout the country

·         Regular drills and simulation exercises by all stakeholders involved in Liquid / Solid Wastemanagement.

·         Establishment of functional emergency unit in all Ministries of Environment across the country

·         Training and retraining of waste management personnel

·         Effective coordination of Liquid / Solid Waste evacuation during emergency situations

·         Creation of database of Liquid / Solid Waste management activities and operators at all levels, and development of alert system

F.         RESOURCE NEEDS AND CAPACITIES

Resource needs and capacities for managing Liquid / Solid Waste emergencies in Nigeria are classified into four categories – Liquid / Solid Waste management facilities; Liquid / Solid Waste management personnel; funding; and logistics service.

a)      Liquid / Solid Waste management facilities: 

·         Prefabricated concrete waste channels ,

·         Mobile incinerators,

·         Refuse collection Vans,

·         Mobile Septic waste evacuation vans.

·         Tippers,

·         Pay loaders,

·         Excavators,

·         Portable Generators

·         Disinfectants,

·         Life Support Ambulances,

·         Stretchers,

·         First aid kits,

b)      Liquid / Solid Waste management personnel:

·         Engineers,

·         Technicians,

·         Public Health technicians,

·         Paramedics,

·         First aiders, etc

·         Environmental Health Officers

c)      Funding:

MDA’s at federal, state and local levels create emergency funds and develop guidelines for fast track access to funds during Liquid / Solid Waste emergencies.

Emergency management agency at all levels provides cash or other incentives to private sector organizations to render emergency services and provide health facilities during Liquid / Solid Wasteemergencies.

All MDAs at federal and state levels must have appropriate functional Liquid Waste disaster insurance policy.

Disaster management trust fund to be established at federal and state level in Nigeria

d)     Logistics support:

Mobile incinerators be procured

Refuse collection Vans be procured

Mobile Septic waste evacuation vans be procured

Tippers be procured

Strategic drugs and medical supplies procured

Development partners provide technical assistance to Nigerian waste management stakeholders and mobilize resources for effective waste emergency

Personal protective equipments (PPE) and health personnel safety measures provided

Guidelines for standard operating procedures (SOP) developed

Trained grassroots emergency volunteer corps established at the local government levels

Effective deployment strategies of utility vehicles developed

Assessment of available waste management equipment conducted, and a database of such equipment and MOU’s/Long Term Agreement (LTA) on public-private partnership among waste management stakeholders developed

Mechanism to fast track accessibility to Search and Rescue and health related equipments during waste emergency be established.

D. ORGANIZATIONAL ROLES AND ACTIVITIES

I           STRATEGIC LEVEL

LEADING AGENCY:     FEDERAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (NEMA)/STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (SEMA)

 PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:

 FEDERAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT


o   Federal  Ministry of Water Resources

o   Federal Ministry of Power

o   National Emergency Management Agency

o   Federal  Ministry of Works

o   Federal Ministry of Health

o   Federal Ministry of Information and Communication

o   National Orientation Agency

o   Nigerian Police Force

o   Nigeria Civil Defense Corps

o   Federal Ministry of Science and Technology

o   Power Holding Company of Nigeria

o   Private Construction Companies

o   Nigerian Armed forces (DRUs) 

o   They will be responsible for:

o   Planning

o   Coordination

o   Information Management and

o   Assessing of International Assistance

 


 

 

II          TACTICAL LEVEL:        ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

LEAD AGENCY:  FEDERAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT

i)            Incident Management

ii)            Resource Mobilization

COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY       (NEMA)/STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (SEMA)

i)           Coordinating

ii)            Resource Mobilization

iii)            Search and Rescue

PARTICIPATING AGENCY:

Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources – Logistic support

Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps – Security, Clearing of debris, Search and Rescue and  dead body management

Nigerian Police Force – security, Maintain law and order, enforce compliance to sanitary orders  

Nigeria Customs Services – Facilitate quick passage of Search and Rescue / waste management equipment into the country.

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign Search and Rescue personnel into the country

Federal Ministry of Health – Provide medical Services

Federal Ministry of Power – Provide regular/emergency power supply at rehabilitation sites 

Federal Ministry of works – Logistic support and clearing of refuse/debris

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide an up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC Materials on disasters that could emanate from improper waste management and safety measures.

Federal Ministry of Science and Technology – Investigate and advice on current trends in solid /liquid waste management process

Armed Forces (DRUs)  – Logistic Support, engineering support, clearing of debris

Private Construction Companies – Logistic support

III         OPERATIONAL LEVEL: ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 LEAD AGENCY:  FEDERAL MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT

i)            Incident Management

ii)            Resource Mobilization

 COORDINATING AGENCY:     NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (NEMA)/STATE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (SEMA)

i)            Coordinating

ii)            Resource Mobilization

iii)            Search and Rescue

 PARTICIPATING AGENCIES:

Federal Ministry of Water Resources – Logistic support

Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps – Security, Clearing of debris, Search and Rescue and evacuation of dead bodies.

Nigerian Police Force – security, Maintain law and order, enforce compliance to sanitary orders  

Nigeria Customs Services – Facilitate quick passage of Search and Rescue / waste management equipment into the country.

Nigeria Immigration Services – Facilitate rapid entry of foreign Search and Rescue personnel into the country

Federal Ministry of Health – Fumigation and to provide essential medical Services,

Power Holding Company of Nigeria – Provide regular/emergency power supply at rehabilitation sites 

Federal Ministry of works – Logistic support and clearing of refuse/debris

Federal Ministry of Information and Communication – Provide up-to date information about the disaster to the general public

National Orientation Agency – Develop, Produce and distribute IEC Materials on disasters that could emanate from improper waste management and safety measures. 

Armed Forces (DRUs)  – Logistic Support, engineering support, clearing of debris

Private Construction Companies – Logistic support

Strategic Intervention Guidelines and principles

o   Simulation exercises

o   Monitoring and evaluation

o   Enduring Database

o   Training

 

FEEDBACKS AND FUTURE ACTION

How will this contingency plan be updated and revised?

Who will be responsible for ensuring this will be done?

How will the information be disseminated?

ANNEX

Business Continuity Plan (BCP) that includes occupational health hazard for the support team developed and attached.

Checklist of potential suppliers of medical equipment at both local and international levels developed and attached.

MOU template for public-private partnership in medical emergency developed and attached.

Budget estimate developed and attached.

 

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NEMA Nigeria

All correspondences should be addressed to: Public Relations Division, National Emergency Management Agency, No. 8, Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent Maitama, Abuja Email: nemapress@yahoo.com or info@nema.gov.ng

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